Readings will be supplied to all participants.

1676 and 1700 Petitions to the Massachusetts Governor Against the Keeping of Indian Slaves.

1741 Body of Liberties.

1779 Freedom Petition submitted by slaves to the New Hampshire state legislature, published in the New Hampshire Gazette, July 15, 1780 (Vol. XXIV, No. 1233).

1781 suit by Elizabeth Freeman in Brom and Bett V. Ashley

The petition of Belinda for compensation for her former enslavement by Isaac Royall, Jr.

Bailey, Richard A. “From Goddess of Love to Unloved Wife: Naming Slaves and Redeeming Masters in Eighteenth-Century New England” in Slavery/Anti-Slavery in New England, ed. Peter Benes, in Dublin Seminar for New England Folklife Annual Proceedings, 2005.

Bly, Antonio. “A Prince among Pretending Free-Men: Runaway Slaves in Colonial New England    Revisited,” Massachusetts Historical Review 14 (2012): 87-117.

Doughton, Thomas. “’Poor, Poor Julian: Enslaved Native Americans and a Fellowship of Thieves in Colonial New England’.” unpublished

Gerzina, Gretchen Holbrook. Mr. and Mrs. Prince, New York: Harper Collins, 2008, Chapters 5 & 6.

Greene, Lorenzo Johnston. The Negro in Colonial New England, 1620-1776. New York: Atheneum, 1971 [1942], Chapters 8 and 9.

Hardesty, Jared Ross. “An Angry God in the Hands of Sinners: Enslaved Africans and the Uses of Protestant Christianity in Colonial Boston” in Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 35, #1 (March 2014) 66-83

Lin, Rachel Chernos. “The Rhode Island Slave Traders: Butchers, Bakers, and Candlestick Makers”, Slavery and Abolition, Vol. 23, #3 (Dec. 2002): 21-38.

Manegold, C.S. Ten Hills Farm: the Forgotten History of Slavery in the North. Princeton & Oxford: Princeton University Press, 2010.

Mather, Cotton. “Rules for the Society of Negroes” (1693) – Broadside.

Melish, Joanne Pope. “Northern Slavery: Still a New (and Unwelcome?) Story.” In Understandiing and Teaching American Slavery. eds. Bethany Jay and Lynne Lyerly. Madison, Wisconsin: University of Wisconsin Press, 2016.

Newell, Margaret. “The Changing Nature of Indian Slavery in New England”, in Reinterpreting New England Indians and the Colonial Experience, ed. Colin Calloway and Neal Salisbury, 2003.

O’Brien, William. Did the Jennison Case Outlaw Slavery in Massachusetts?” William and Mary Quarterly Vol. 17 No. 2 (April 1960): 219-241.

Prince, Lucy Terry. “Bar’s Fight”- poem

Richardson, David. “Slavery, Trade, and Economic Growth in Eighteenth-Century New England,”  Slavery and the Rise of the Atlantic System ed. Barbara L. Solow. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991.

Sammons, Mark J. & Valerie Cunningham,  Black Portsmouth: Three Centuries of African American Heritage, 2004, Chapter 2.

Excerpts from A Narrative of the Life and Adventures of Venture [Venture Smith’s slave narrative]

Whitefield, Harvey Amani. The Problem of Slavery in Early Vermont, 1777-1810. Barre: Vermont Historical Society, 2014.

Website- African Americans in Early Rural New England: